The Artemis program is a series of missions led by NASA with the goal of returning humans to the Moon and establishing a sustainable presence there. Here are some key details about the NASA Artemis mission:
Artemis I: Uncrewed Test Flight
- Objective: Artemis I is an uncrewed test flight designed to demonstrate the capabilities of NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) and the Orion spacecraft.
- Launch Vehicle: The Space Launch System (SLS) will carry the Orion spacecraft beyond the Moon and back to Earth.
- Payload: The mission will carry the Orion spacecraft around the Moon before returning to Earth. It will test the spacecraft’s systems and the performance of the SLS.
Artemis II: Crewed Lunar Flyby
- Objective: Artemis II is the first crewed mission of the Artemis program, intended to carry astronauts around the Moon and test the systems needed for future lunar landings.
- Crew: The mission will carry a crew of astronauts on a lunar flyby mission without landing on the lunar surface.
- Duration: Artemis II is expected to be a longer-duration mission, allowing astronauts to test various systems and perform maneuvers in lunar orbit.
Artemis III: Crewed Lunar Landing
- Objective: Artemis III is the mission planned for the first crewed lunar landing since Apollo 17 in 1972. The goal is to land astronauts on the lunar South Pole region.
- Crew: Artemis III will carry the next man and the first woman to the lunar surface.
- Sustainability: The mission aims to demonstrate technologies and systems necessary for sustainable lunar exploration, paving the way for future missions and the establishment of a lunar base
- (officially Artemis V) is the fifth planned mission of NASA’s Artemis program and the first crewed flight of the Blue Moon lander. The mission will launch four astronauts on a Space Launch System rocket and an Orion to the Lunar Gateway and will be the third lunar landing of the Artemis program. In addition, Artemis V will also deliver two new elements to the Gateway Space Station
Lunar Gateway: Orbital Platform
- Objective: The Lunar Gateway is a space station that will orbit the Moon and serve as a staging point for crewed missions to the lunar surface and beyond.
- International Collaboration: NASA is working with international partners, including the European Space Agency (ESA), on the development of the Lunar Gateway.
- Artemis Program Goals:
- Establishing a sustainable human presence on the Moon by the end of the decade.
- Conducting scientific research on the lunar surface to learn more about the Moon’s history and potential resources.
- Testing technologies and systems that will be crucial for future crewed missions to Mars.
Please note that developments in space exploration can occur, and mission details may have evolved since this last update in January 2022. For the latest and most accurate information, it’s advisable to check NASA’s official website or other reliable sources.